To learn how to take care of the plants in your house, balconies and gardens, you must understand what types of care your plant wants to receive.
And it is not the same to grow a tropical plant than to care for a cactus or a succulent. When creating your green spaces, recognizing what care your plants want will avoid frustrations, yellow leaves and unwanted visitors.
If you’re looking to find out what plants need to grow properly, you’ve come to the right note. Check out our guide on how to care for indoor and outdoor plants and become an expert gardener or gardener!
Both for the care of your indoor outdoor plants, it is necessary that you understand, first, certain basic concepts of gardening and the environment. Don’t be scared, you don’t have to study the difference between annual and perennial herbaceous (yet).
The 3 most important elements that plants need to grow properly are:
- Suitable climate conditions for that plant.
- A nutritious soil that allows the circulation of water and air (that is permeable).
- Amount of light suitable for the type of plant you want to care for.
That is, being in a good place, eating healthy, hydrating (taking care of your pores too) and sunbathing from time to time. Just like a human being.
Let’s review how to care for plants based on these three basic elements of nature. If you learn this, you can take care of your plants in a simple way and you will no longer have to look for home remedies to revive a plant.
In this world there is everything: plants resistant to sun and heat, cold climate plants, plants that do not need much water, plants with humidity and shade, and outdoor plants resistant to everything.
To know what care a plant needs, you must recognize in what type of climate and environment it lives best.
Assess the climate where you live and find out what types of plant species are best suited to those terrains. This will facilitate the care of the plants tremendously, because you will not be forcing them to grow in strange lands for them.
Consider the following:
- How are the rains where you live?
- Are there very high or very low temperatures?
- Snow falls?
- Is it an area with strong winds?
On your journey to discover how to care for the plants in your house, it is important to pay attention to the type of soil or substrate in which they live.
First of all, plants get their food from nutrients in the soil. Therefore, to have well-cared for plants, you must feed them with a balanced soil rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium mainly. How to take care of plants? With a good diet! Or they’ll throw you a tantrum!
Learning which types of soils are best for taking good care of plants is important for two reasons in addition to nutrients: moisture and air.
Has it happened to you that, suddenly, your little plant began to decay, turned yellow and died? (I do :() It is very likely that this plant drowned because its pot did not have good drainage or because it lived in a type of soil that retains a lot of moisture.
How to improve the potting soil?
To start caring for plants in general, you must improve the substrate of the pots or the soil of the garden in which you want to plant.
Normally, these two types of soils can be distinguished:
🍀 Clay soils: They tend to retain moisture well and are usually fertile, but are not very permeable.
🍀 Sandy soils: They do not retain moisture, have good drainage but provide few nutrients.
Check the state of your substrate and, depending on how it is, add the following elements to take care of your plant with better nutrients:
- Clay, to better retain water.
- Sand, to give the soil better drainage.
- Some wood fibers.
- Perlite or vermiculite, to improve soil aeration.
- Compost or compost, to improve the nutrients that the plant receives.
Not sure how to compost? Composts are easy to make, don’t take up a lot of space, and don’t smell bad (in case you’re wondering). Good plant care, as we already saw, is in a nutritious soil.
Among the actions to take care of the simplest plants that you can do, is to regulate the amount of light they receive (seriously, it is very simple, you just have to move the pot from place).
Knowing how much light your pot can receive is crucial to learning how to care for home plants. Your photosynthesis depends on it, after all.
First evaluate how much sun enters your house, balcony or garden?
- Sun: Maybe you have spaces where there is sun all day, like an open terrace or roof.
- Medium-shade: You enjoy between 4 to 6 hours of sun a day through a window or balcony.
- Shade: You don’t have access to direct sunlight, but you do have bright spaces.
Likewise, you should know that, just as there are indoor plants and outdoor plants, there are also plants that, even if they are sunny, resist and tolerate shady or half-shaded spaces well. The same works the other way around.
When looking for the best plants to care for at home, ask if they are sun or shade plants, and also if they thrive or tolerate the opposite environment well. Thus, if you live in a place without much sunlight, these plants can thrive with your care as a gardener or gardener.
5 tips for caring for outdoor plants:
1. Choose the right space according to the type of plant
As we have already seen, there are plants resistant to the sun and others that prefer the shade. To care for outdoor plants, you must know how much light each of them can receive. Thus, you will have some happy sunbathing and others calmer with a little filtered shade.
2. Check the soil moisture
For example, how to care for plants in rainy areas? If you have a garden in a tropical region, in the rainy season you will hardly have to water it. If, on the other hand, you are looking to care for your plants in hot climates and lots of sun, constant watering is the answer.
To find out how much water the plants in your garden need, check if your soils are wet or dry, as well as the properties of the substrate (which we saw above).
3. Sow them without suffocating each other
This tip focuses on how to care for plants planted in beds, orchards, and in garden soil. Before planting different plants close to each other, assess how big they will grow and how much space they will need to grow. Sometimes we sow seeds without considering this and when they are big they end up competing for space and for nutrients in the soil.
4. Choose clay or ceramic pots
These materials drain irrigation water better, making them excellent for outdoor plants. If you need to move them, choose pots that don’t weigh much. Don’t forget to check that they have a hole in the base of the pot so the water can drain.
5. Take care of your plants with pruning and cleaning pests
Did you take the time to research “how to care for outdoor plants” for each of the plants in your garden and they still got sick? Unfortunately, pests and fungi are a recurring thing on plants.
For this reason, within the care of outdoor plants, it is important that you check if you have broken, yellow leaves or signs of fungus. This means that it is time to prune, disinfect, and perhaps search for a pesticide.
These are 5 tips to take care of indoor plants:
1. Place them in a bright place in the house
To care for indoor plants, you should put them near the window or on a balcony. Otherwise, you will see how they lengthen trying to find light to photosynthesize. When taking care of shade plants remember that they also need to receive light even if it is not direct sun.
Plants without light are sad plants, take good care of them with a little sun!
2. Don’t water them every day
Indoor plants live in shade or half-shade, so they don’t dehydrate as much as outdoor plants and they tolerate summer quite well! So how should we care for indoor plants? Checking the humidity of the growing medium will give you a better idea of how often to water the plants. So put your fingers in the dirt and check if it is dry or not. They may need water every two or three days, but not every day.
3. Do not add water to the leaves
This does not mean that you do not clean them, but we advise you to be careful not to leave them wet. Moisture on the leaves can create fungus and make your plant sick.
4. Do not leave them in areas that are too windy
Some plants do not withstand strong winds. If you place them in spaces where there is a lot of wind, their leaves could dehydrate and the structure of the plant will weaken. Be careful!
5. Change the pot if it is already big
If your actions to care for plants have been successful, they will grow strong and healthy! At that time, it is advisable to transfer the plant to a larger pot. Otherwise, the overgrown roots may end up suffocating inside the little pot.
We hope that with this explanation on how to care for plants, your gardens and balconies will grow green and beautiful. Follow the tips for plant care and you will see that your cocks will thank you with a new flower or leaf.