Italy is one of the countries in the world with the greatest wine-making tradition and evidence of this is its wines, among which we find some of the best red wines in the world, as well as the most refreshing white wines or the best wineries. But beyond our borders, wine is one of the most historic and traditional drinks in the world, hence there are many curiosities and curious facts about this drink that you still do not know. We tell you 10 surprising curiosities about wine.
1. The wine has no color
The vast majority of grapes used to make wine result in a colorless must regardless of whether they are red or white grapes. The characteristic color of the wine comes from the maceration of the pigments found in the skin of the grapes. This is why to make red wines, the must is allowed to macerate with the skin of the grapes during fermentation and until it achieves that reddish tone.
2. The oldest bottle of wine in the world is from 325 AD
For a hundred years, the Historical Museum of the Palatinate of Germany has kept inside the oldest bottle of wine in the world, known as the Speyer wine bottle or also known as Römerwein aus Speyer. Inside, a wine that with the passage of time has ended up becoming a solid mass with more than 1,600 years old and that was found buried in the tomb of a Roman noble couple near the city of Speyer. Researchers estimate that it could be from the year 325 AD and at the moment there are many who refuse to open it out of concern about how its contents could react when exposed to the air.
3. The largest winery in the world is in …
Despite the fact that Spain has some of the most impressive wineries in the world and some of the most valued and best valued wines, it is not the country with the largest winery in the world. Something that the capital of Moldova can boast of, thanks to the Milestii Mici winery that exceeds all others in the world and has been included in the Guinness Book of Records since 2005. A total of 200 kilometers of galleries, of which 55 kilometers are used to store and mature high-quality wines.
4. Without wasps there would be no wine
The wasps with keys in the creation of the wine, to such an extent that it is said that without them the wine would not exist. Specifically, the fundamental role of wasps is found in fermentation, since the wasp is used to hovering over the grape and also pecking it, leaving yeast inside. This yeast grows on the skin of the grapes and is what makes the start of fermentation possible.
5. The country in the world where the most wine is consumed is the Vatican
Yes you read correctly, with only 825 inhabitants and 0.44 square kilometers, the Vatican is the smallest independent state in the world and also the country with the highest rate of wine consumption in the world. At least that is what a study prepared by the California Wine Institute and the International Organization of Vine and Wine affirms
6. Why is white wine served colder than red?
In general, white wine is consumed colder than red wine, the reason for this is found in the past. In the past the wine remained cold naturally in the basements of the houses and later it was taken out for consumption, but for this it had to remain in the dining room for its temper and to enjoy its aroma, since if it was too cold it would not be I would appreciate in the same way. Hence, many wines are served at room temperature.
On the other hand, white wine is used to serving cold to alleviate excessive acidity, although at room temperature in this type of wine it also reveals its aromas and flavors with more intensity.
7. The sea can be the best winery
Did you know that the sea is one of the best ways for wine to age? At least this is what the numerous bottles that have been found in the sea due to different shipwrecks and that have aged well in this environment have shown. This is why there are currently underwater wineries in which wine is aged as if it were a treasure for between six months and two years.
8. Music changes the taste of wine
Music and wine can go hand in hand, at least that’s what the psychology professor at Heriot Watt University in Edinburgh, Adrian North, demonstrated in 2008 with his study. In this study Adrian North showed that listening to music while drinking a glass of wine makes the taste of this drink change. The reason? Music influences the way we perceive the aromas and flavors of wine. In this study, music was chosen in different styles, while different people drank red and white wines while listening to it. The funny thing about the result is that when the participants tried to define the wine, they were actually describing the type of music they had heard when tasting the wine.
9. Wine can also be made of ice
Did you know that ice wine is one of the most coveted wines? Ice wine is one for which the grapes are harvested under certain climatic conditions, specifically the grapes must be harvested by hand in a frozen state in the cluster and pressed with the ice crystals. All these details ensure that the wine has a high concentration of sugars and acids. In general, these types of wines are very tasty, with strong sweet and soft aromas, as well as intense acidity.
10. The oldest winery in the world is more than 6,000 years old
The oldest winery in the world is located in Armenia and is more than 6,000 years old. This finding was made by a team of experts from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), who through radiocarbon tests found that the winery dates from 4,100 BC in the middle of the Copper Age.